2015 American Thyroid Association Management Guidelines for Adult Patients with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: The American Thyroid Association Guidelines Task Force on Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The guideline provides recommendations on initial management of thyroid cancer including screening, staging, risk assessment, surgical management, radioiodine remnant ablation and therapy, and thyrotropin suppression therapy using levothyroxine, as well as long-term management including surveillance techniques, management of recurrent and metastatic disease, and consideration for clinical trials and targeted therapy. The evaluation and diagnostic approach for thyroid nodules is also discussed, including a review of indications for fine-needle aspiration biopsy and interpretation of results, as well as use of molecular markers and management of benign thyroid nodules. Outcomes of interest include survival, recurrence, sensitivity and specificity.