Evidenced-based Clinical Practice Guideline for Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma (Summary–Japanese Urological Association, 2014 Edition)

This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). The guideline provides recommendations on diagnosis and treatment, with discussions on surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and other anticancer drug therapies. Topics include surgical techniques, the use of neoadjuvant versus adjuvant chemotherapy, postoperative follow-up care, the use of ureteroscopic kidney-sparing surgery, instillation of BCG or other anticancer drugs into the upper urinary tract, treatment of metastatic or recurrent UTUC, and use of radiotherapy alone as treatment. Epidemiology is also discussed.