Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Pre-Treatment Local Staging of Prostate Cancer

This is a clinical practice guideline for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for pre-treatment local staging of prostate cancer. The use of MRI for pre-treatment local staging is juxtaposed with the ways in which prostate cancer is conventionally detected which includes prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening, digital rectal examination (DRE), and biopsy-confirmed diagnosis by transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS). The guideline therefore explores the performance and diagnostic accuracy of MRI, as well as the impact of pre-treatment local staging by MRI on patient on patient outcomes, biochemical recurrence, changes in treatment planning (including nerve- sparing surgery), changes in stage classification, and surgical margin status in men with newly diagnosed biopsy-confirmed prostate cancer who are under consideration for radical treatment.