2016 EAU Guidelines on Urothelial Carcinomas of the Upper Urinary Tract

This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with, or suspected of having, upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUCs). The guideline reviews diagnostic assessment, staging, treatment, and follow-up. Treatment recommendations are provided based on whether the disease is localized or advanced and include radical nephroureterectomy, conservative surgery, adjuvant topical agents, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Outcomes of interest include risk factors, sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic tests, survival (recurrence-free, disease-free, and overall), disease progression, morbidity, and mortality.