What is included in the directory

Learn about the inclusion criteria for the Prevention Policies Directory, a free, bilingual, online tool for accessing Canadian cancer prevention policies.

The directory is populated using a combination of web-based environmental scanning technology and curation by a Partnership expert.

Below are the inclusion criteria for the directory:

  • Must be related to cancer and/or chronic diseases
    • Examples of chronic diseases include: diabetes, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, etc.
  • Must be related to prevention
    • Documents about the management and treatment of cancer and chronic disease are excluded.
  • Must be related to at least one of the following modifiable risk factors:
    • Nutrition, physical activity, built environment, alcohol consumption, tobacco use, infectious agents (e.g., hepatitis B or C, human papillomavirus), occupational and environmental exposures, and/or ultraviolet and ionizing radiation.
    • The directory’s “general” category contains legal documents that broadly address the prevention of cancer and chronic diseases. For example, provincial/territorial public health acts.
  • Must be policies from Canada
    • Policies from 31 Canadian municipalities are included. All others are currently excluded.
    • Policies from school boards are excluded.
  • Must be a legal document or policy

Examples of legal documents or policies found in the Prevention Policies Directory follow:

  • Statute

A law passed by the federal or provincial government. Statutes are also referred to as Acts or legislation. Statutes usually permit the enactment of regulations. In terms of hierarchy, statutes have more legal authority than regulations, bylaws or bills. For example: Canada Health Act, R.S., 1985, c. C-6. The name of the statute is the “Canada Health Act,” which is in the Revised Statutes of Canada (R.S.) of 1985 in chapter C-6.

  • Regulation

A subordinate legislation adopted by a government according to lawmaking powers conferred by a statute. Regulations clarify information in the statute by providing more details or definitions. For example: Extra-billing and User Charges Information Regulations, SOR/86-259 As permitted by the Canada Health Act, these regulations contain information on extra-billing and user charges for the provinces, in any given fiscal year. SOR stands for federal “Statutory Orders and Regulations.” The numbers following the forward slash indicate that it was passed in 1986, and it is regulation number 259.

  • Code

Any set of standards put forth and enforced by government for the protection of public safety and health (e.g., building codes for ventilation or sanitary requirements).

  • Bylaw

A subordinate legislation made by any authority subordinated to a legislature. In Canada, municipalities often regulate environments via bylaws. For example: Bylaw 270 of the Town of Hudson, Quebec

  • Policy

A set of organizational rules intended to promote health. These can be in the form of a plan or a course of action, such as municipal official plans. For example, official plans set out land use policy directions to guide the long-term growth and development of municipalities. For instance, the City of Ottawa Official Plan promotes health and wellness by addressing transportation infrastructure, environmental protection, building livable communities, and other areas defined by the Provincial Policy Statement under the Ontario Planning Act.